1838 Vigo Co, St Mary's Twp, IN, where he was born.
1850 Wabash Twp, Clark Co, IL. He was listed as the baby of the family at 6 yrs old by the census taker rather than the 12 years he supposedly was. However in the next census he was 16, exactly 10 years older.
1860 Vigo Co, Sugar Creek Twp, IN. At age 16, he was living with the family of brother, David, according to the census. David later testified that John had lived with him until John enlisted in the army.
7/16/1863 John enlisted as a Pvt in Co H 115th Rgt Ind Inf at Terre Haute and was discharged 2/25/1864. He reenlisted with Co H 133rd Ind Inf, also as a Pvt, and was dischged 9/5/1864 at Indianapolis.
John was plagued with illness during his military career, as were many of the soldiers of that day:
9/22/1863 He was ordered for a medical exam & furloughed 9/29/1863 for 20 days on sick leave. He was treated 10/28-11/12/1863 in Terre Haute for fever, then returned to duty. He was hospitalized 11/12-28/1863 and again 12/10/1863, no diagnosis either time.
He drew a pension on this service record, receiving his last check of $12 on 1/4/1896, just 9 days before he died. Also, both wives applied for and received widows pensions.
1/1868 Jewett, Cumberland Co, IL where he married Martha.
11/1868 Newton, Jasper Co, IL, where his 1st child was born.
6/23/1870 Louisville, Clay Co, IL was where the next census taker found John with his first family. John was 24 and a farmer, wife Martha was 17, daughter Lucinda was 1.
11/1870 Effingham, Effingham Co, IL, where the 2nd child was born.
12/31/1871 Near Rardin, Coles Co, IL, where he and second wife Mary were married.
1880 E Oakland Twp, Coles Co, IL, was probably the same address as the last entry. When their 4th child was born, birth record shows John's age as (he was actually 43) with the occupation of farmer. The census that year also said he was 34:
John R. ARTHER Self M Male W 34 IN Farming NC TN
Mary ARTHER Wife M Female W 26 IL Keeping House NC TN
Aaron T. A. ARTHER Son S Male W 8 IL At Home IN IL
Lydia L. ARTHER Dau S Female W 5 IL At Home IN IL
David N. ARTHER Son S Male W 4 IL At Home IN IL
William ARTHER Son S Male W 1 IL IN IL
Edward ARTHER Son S Male W 1 IL IN IL
1883 Ashmore Twp, Coles Co, IL, where his 7th child was born, listing his occupation as laborer.
1886 E Lafayette Twp, Coles Co, IL. Their 8th child was born at this address.
7/1890 Arcola, Douglas Co, IL, when he applied for an Invalid Pension on his Civil War service. Ailments listed as reasons for disability were a rupture, chronic diarrhea, chest trouble & weakness of eyes.
1896 When Martha applied for a widow's pension, John's brother, David, testified in a general affidavit that he knew nothing about his divorce from a prior wife. It's interesting that John named both children by Martha after his brother and sister but following the divorce had nothing to do with either of them and the rest of the family knew nothing about this brief marriage.
Nearly every record indicates John was born about 1844. Descendants say he was born in 1838.
Family tradition is that John was born in IN, however, both the 1850 and 1860 census lists his birthplace as Illinois. In 1850 he was 6, making his birth year abt 1844. There was a group of Arthurs from IN, who moved to Moultrie Co, IL, but stayed only a couple of years before moving back. If his parents were part of that group, he may actually have been born in Illinois.
Also, 2 sources (birth record for child & 1880 census) show his age as 34 in 1880, making his birth year 1846 rather than 1838. Which is correct???
"St. Mary's is a village of 100 inhabitants adjacent to the community of the Sisters of Providence. Its site was never divided into town lots. It contains two stores, a cabinet, carpenter, blacksmith and cooper shop, and a fine brick church which was built in 1867 and cost $13,000. The only secular organization here is a St. Joseph's Total Abstinence Society, at one time numbering ninety members; it now numbers fifty."
Martha's Declaration for Widow's Pension, states John's death date is May, 1897, at Charleston, IL.
John's gravestone lists only his War service: Co H, 115 Ind. Inf