Joseph was a brother of Thena, who married Martha's brother, Solomon Collins.
Residences & events:
1850 Greesy Creek Pct, Coles Co, IL. At census time Joseph was 25 with property = $350. Martha was 21 and they had 1 year old son, William. Next door was Martha's sister, Fanny McAllister.
7/5/1860 PO Charleston, Morgan Twp, Coles Co, IL. Listed that year in the census as Jos Carter, 33, farmer, he had property worth $4000/175. Martha was 26 and they had 2 children, Thos, 8, and Mary, 3. Martha's sister, Fanny, and David McAlister were just down the road.
1862 Joe and Martha took Solomon's son, John, at age 12 to raise.
1870 Curtisville, Morgan Twp, Coles Co, IL. Joseph was a successful farmer with property = $5500/1200. The family consisted of himselft at age 42, Martha, 39, William, 20, Thomas, 18, Mary, 12, Missouri, 10, and Ellen, 1 mo. John Collins, 20, was still there as well.
1880 Still there. The census said he was a 52 year old farmer, Martha was 49. Children still at home were Mary J, 22, Allis M, 18, Maggie, 10, and John Collins, adopted nephew, 30. Hired hands living with them were Harvey/Harry Collins, 22, and Ed Mason (?) 24. Next door was son Thomas and family.