1870 Newman Twp, Douglas Co, IL. His occupation recorded in the census was carpenter with property valued at $300/150. He was 36, Martha was 28, and they had 2 small daughters, Clara, 4, and Sarah J, 2. His parents lived next door and on the other side of them was brother Joshua.
1880 Newman Twp, Douglas Co, IL. He and Martha had a family of 4 children by census time. James was a farmer. Living in the same area were brothers, Jess, Joshua, and Nathan.