1870 Newman Twp, Douglas Co, IL. The census taker recorded him as a 55 year old farmer (actually was about 35) with property = $300/200. Martha was 29 and their 2 children were James, 8 and William, 2. Next door was his father and 2 doors down was brother James.
1880 Same residence as above. He was still a farmer and the family had grown by 1 child.
The 1870 census records his age as 35 making his birth year 1835.
"JOSHUA CHILCOTE DEAD"
Another of Newman's respectable citizens died at his home 3 miles northeast of Newman, Friday night on February 2. He was born in Perry County, Ohio. He was married there to MISS MARTHA ENGLAND and in 1861, they moved to Kansas, Illinois and then to this area. Three sons and one daughter were born to the union. Service were held in Pleasant Ridge church and interments in the cemetery."
His will was dated 1/25/1900 and mentioned his wife, Martha E, sons, James Murry and George Murphy Chilcote, and daughter, Arminda Sarah Chilcote. Witnesses were Spencer Fonner, Amos Shaw and Frank J England.