Thanks to Hans & Tricia J. (Swanger) Dovenspike for the following posted on the Internet:
"Our immigrant ancestor participated in the Monmouth Rebellion in England of 1685 against King James II. The story leading up to the rebellion is an interesting period of English history. The Duke of Monmouth was an illegitimate son of English King Charles II and soon after his birth both Monmouth and his mother were banished from England. Later the Duke returned and became a prominent Protestant political figure--some believed he might inherit the English crown after his father's death. Upon the death of King Charles II on Feb 6, 1685 the Catholic Duke of York (brother of deceased King) acceded to the power as King James the II. Monmouth landed at Lyme Regis. Dorset with eighty-two followers in June and quickly raised over 4,000 additional men. On July 6 1685 Monmouth's Army was completely defeated on the Plain of Sedgemoor, Somerset. The Duke fled butwas soon caught and beheaded.
Monmouth's followers were also captured and their properties confiscated. Several hundred of the prisoners were executed and eight hundred were deported to the West Indies to be sold as servants for a period of 10 years (mostly to work in the sugar plantations). Ten years was more than twice the length of most ordinary servants, but pressure for this time period was made by an angry King James II and acts were passed on various islands to legalize the order.
John Chilcote II was one of those captured and was scheduled to be sent to Barbados Island. He was consigned to Sir William Booth on Sept. 25, 1685 after being held in Bridgewater Prison. He was delivered to Captian William Stokes of the ship John Friggot of Bristol on Oct 24 1865. He arrived at Barbados on Jan. 28, 1685. (Julian calender is used) Of the one hundred prisoners on this ship, only seventy five survived the voyage. John Chilcote II was commited to the services of a Planter named Ann Gallop.
After a few years the religious and political climate in England altered. Following the accesion of the throne of William and Mary, orders were given to repel the ten year term of services imposed on the monmouth rebels. There were difficulties carrying out these humane instructions. It was argued that the orders would harsely affect the employers who had bought the services. Accordingly a compromise was agreed to where the service was reduced and the condition of servitude to others improved. It was found that some of the convicts had already been released. Eventually some men returned to England, some voluntarily remained in the West Indies, and some of the rebels went to the main land colonies to live.
According to family tradition, John's brother, James, helped secure his release from Barbados and they both went to Maryland about 1704. There is some confusion relating to exactly how James helped in the release of John. One story indicated that John's land in England was restored to him and James handled the sale of the property in order to obtain funds for the two to relocate to Maryland. They are recorded as having each purchased one hundred acres of land from Lord Baltimore in 1727 where Baltimore now stands. Shortly afterward they sold this land and moved to the eighth district, making their residence along Western Run in Baltimore County.
This article was found at the Maryland Historical Society:
Corunna, De Kalb County, Ind. Sept 1 1875
In the year 1727 two brothers John and James Chilcote, entered land where the city of Baltimore now stands and soon after they entered the land, John and his wife both died leaving a son named John: and his Uncle James took and raised him. Soon after he became of age he married and moved out on Western Run, leaving his property with his Uncle James. Here he raied four boys; Robinson, John, Joshua, and Humphery. Now the descendents of these four boys are rightful heirs to the property that John and James Chilcote left in Baltimore when they died. Besides this, John 2nd soon quenced the insurrection and theinsurrectionists had to flee for safety, and John Chilcote and about 70 others came to America. The King had their property confiscated, but years afterwards Parliament passed an actrestoring said property. We have made a lengthy investigation of the Baltimore Claim and have located John's claim and have abstacts of deeds and another that never passed out of the handson record. We also find that James left 170 1/2 acres which isin the three tracts, and 125 heirs.
It was signed, Leander Buchanan, Committee for Coll. of Funds."